Omnios ipa client

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Thanks to Johan Petersson in the freeipa-users mailing list (

This method works with sasl/gssapi ldap bindings, no proxy account in the ldapclient necessary.

add machine account to IPA domain

add a host to dns and create an machine account for it in the realm. In this example the host we want to join is, the ipa server (kdc) is We assign the ip address; run these commands as an admin user (with a kerberos ticket) on a host with the ipa admin tools installed:

ipa host-add --force --ip-address= [enter]

ipa host-add-managedby --host

export keytab for machine account

just like before, run this as an admin user on host with ipa admin tools:

ipa-getkeytab -s -p host/ -k /tmp/solaris.keytab

Copy this solaris.keytab file to the omnios host to /etc/krb5/krb5.keytab. Apply these permissions to this file:

chown root:sys krb5.keytab
chmod 600 krb5.keytab

configure kerberos on omnios host

Edit /etc/krb5/krb5.conf:

        default_realm = EXAMPLE.COM
        dns_lookup_kdc = true
        verify_ap_req_nofail = false

configure ntp

Add serverlist to /etc/inet/ntp.client and rename it to ntp.conf:

server iburst

# svcadm enable ntp

To see it is running properly:

# svcs ntp 

To see what servers you are using:

# ntpq -p 

verify kerberos is working

root@testomnios:~# kinit admin
Password for admin@EXAMPLE.COM: 
root@testomnios:~# klist
Ticket cache: FILE:/tmp/krb5cc_0
Default principal: admin@EXAMPLE.COM

Valid starting                Expires                Service principal
04/01/13 14:17:23  04/02/13 14:17:23  krbtgt/EXAMPLE.COM@EXAMPLE.COM
        renew until 04/08/13 14:17:23
root@testomnios:~# kdestroy

configure ldap

now we have ntp and kerberos configured, we can use sasl with ldap. Use the ldapclient tool for this (the ipa ldap server has an ldap default profile we can use for ldapclient):

# ldapclient -v manual -a domainName=sub.domain.tld -a credentialLevel=self -a authenticationMethod=sasl/gssapi -a defaultSearchBase=dc=sub,dc=domain,dc=tld -a serviceSearchDescriptor=passwd:cn=users,cn=accounts,dc=sub,dc=domain,dc=tld -a serviceSearchDescriptor=group:cn=groups,cn=compat,dc=sub,dc=domain,dc=tld -a objectclassMap=shadow:shadowAccount=posixAccount kdc1.sub.domain.tld [enter]
Parsing domainName=sub.domain.tld
Parsing credentialLevel=self
Parsing authenticationMethod=sasl/gssapi
Parsing defaultSearchBase=dc=sub,dc=domain,dc=tld
Parsing serviceSearchDescriptor=passwd:cn=users,cn=accounts,dc=sub,dc=domain,dc=tld
Parsing serviceSearchDescriptor=group:cn=groups,cn=compat,dc=sub,dc=domain,dc=tld
Parsing objectclassMap=shadow:shadowAccount=posixAccount
Arguments parsed:
        authenticationMethod: sasl/gssapi
        defaultSearchBase: dc=sub,dc=domain,dc=tld
        credentialLevel: self
        domainName: sub.domain.tld
                arg[0]: shadow:shadowAccount=posixAccount
                arg[0]: passwd:cn=users,cn=accounts,dc=sub,dc=domain,dc=tld
                arg[1]: group:cn=groups,cn=compat,dc=sub,dc=domain,dc=tld
        defaultServerList: kdc1.sub.domain.tld
Handling manual option
Proxy DN: NULL
Proxy password: NULL
Credential level: 2
Authentication method: 2
No proxyDN/proxyPassword required
Shadow Update is not enabled, no adminDN/adminPassword is required.
About to modify this machines configuration by writing the files
Stopping network services
sendmail not running
Stopping nscd
stop: sleep 100000 microseconds
stop: system/name-service-cache:default... success
autofs not running
ldap not running
nis(yp) not running
file_backup: stat(/etc/nsswitch.conf)=0
file_backup: (/etc/nsswitch.conf -> /var/ldap/restore/nsswitch.conf)
file_backup: stat(/etc/defaultdomain)=0
file_backup: (/etc/defaultdomain -> /var/ldap/restore/defaultdomain)
file_backup: nis domain is "sub.domain.tld"
file_backup: stat(/var/yp/binding/sub.domain.tld)=-1
file_backup: No /var/yp/binding/sub.domain.tld directory.
file_backup: stat(/var/ldap/ldap_client_file)=-1
file_backup: No /var/ldap/ldap_client_file file.
Starting network services
start: /usr/bin/domainname sub.domain.tld ... success
start: DNS client is enabled
start: sleep 100000 microseconds
start: sleep 200000 microseconds
start: sleep 400000 microseconds
start: sleep 800000 microseconds
start: sleep 1600000 microseconds
start: sleep 3200000 microseconds
start: network/ldap/client:default... success
start: sasl/GSSAPI bind works
start: sleep 100000 microseconds
start: sleep 200000 microseconds
start: system/name-service-cache:default... success
restart: sleep 100000 microseconds
restart: milestone/name-services:default... success
System successfully configured

Verify it is working, we now have a ticket as the machine account we just joined (using the keytab file) and we see we have used the ldap service on the kdc to get ldap info:

root@testomnios:~# klist 
Ticket cache: FILE:/tmp/krb5cc_0
Default principal: host/

Valid starting                Expires                Service principal
04/01/13 14:22:21  04/02/13 00:22:21  krbtgt/EXAMPLE.COM@EXAMPLE.COM
04/01/13 14:22:21  04/02/13 00:22:21  ldap/

Verify ldap is working, we can see users info from the ldap database

root@testomnios:~# id admin
uid=xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx(admin) gid=xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx(admins) groups=xxxxxxxxxxx(admins)

enable the nscd service

unless this is running, user/group/etc lookups will be *very* slow. I know there are downsides for nscd but really, turn it on:

# svcadm enable name-service-cache [enter]

After that user look-ups will be instantaneous (or ls -l in a folder with different ldap user permissions).

getent group <groupname>

if you use getent to return group information you will see the results are different to those in your linux hosts: they are empty.

The reason is that attribute 'member' in ipa has this format:

member: uid=user,cn=users,cn=accounts,dc=domain,dc=tld

whereas the ldapclient that feeds its info to getent expects this:

member: user